Ethics Guideline

Research Ethics Rules of the Korean Society of Food and Nutrition

Chapter 1 General Provisions

Article 1: Definition of Research Ethics
The term "research ethics" means honestly conveying information in the research conduct, using resources efficiently, and performing responsible study by objectively and accurately reporting study results.

Article 2: Purpose of Ethics Regulations
This regulation aims to enhance research ethics to members of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition (hereinafter referred to as "the Society") and prevent research misconducts by proposing standards to secure ethics and truth in academic research and fairly verify misconducts.

Article 3: Application Objects of Ethics Regulations
These regulations shall apply to all of the registered members as well as any members related to contents presented in all publications (the journal of the Society and symposium publications) regularly issued in the Society

Chapter 2 Ethics Regulations on Research Conduction

Article 4: Truth in Research
An author who conducts a research and presents its results and a dissertation review committee member who evaluates the research results shall carry out research activity transparent and sincere without doing any act against conscience as scholars

Article 5: Data Management
5.1. A researcher shall confirm the ownership of data and authorization to use the data prior to collecting necessary data. In addition, the researcher must carry out the study with clear understanding on the obligation and right imposed upon the collection or disclosure of data.
5.2. Data shall be collected and recorded through appropriated measures in reliable and valid manner and must be retained for a certain period of time for other researchers to verify results and assessable to be used as other purposes by publicly presenting the findings.

Article 6: Presentation of Research Results
All of the research results shall be accurately reported with a thorough and reasonable explanation. An honest and transparent evaluation must be conducted to examine if research methods and researcher's opinions are adequately presented in the findings or results of the study.

Article 7: Retention of Copyright
In principle, the copyright is given to the authors who made significant contributions in the research. However, the Society,
the publisher of the journal and publications of symposiums, has the right of using the copyright in case the findings are
used for the purpose of public interest such as education, and others.

Article 8: Order of Authors and Affiliation
8.1. For the space stating the authors, the order of authors shall be determined pursuant to the contribution made on the research upon the mutual consent among corresponding authors. In addition, the authors shall be able to explain the principles of such orders.
8.2. In principle, the affiliation of the author is stated by the name of the institution at the time of the research conduct. However, when other customary practices are applied in other field, the author may state the affiliation in accordance with custom.

Article 9: Responsibility of the Corresponding Author or Senior Author
The corresponding author or senior author shall take responsibility for accuracy of data, the list of all authors, approval for final draft of all authors, all of the exchanges and responses to questions, and others by representing co-researchers. In addition, the corresponding author must be fully aware of that mistakes and omissions made by himself/herself and co-researchers have a great influences in their careers.

Article 10: Citation Principles of References
10.1 The author may cite the part of other researchers' study in his/her research paper as the original text or the translated version.
10.2 The author shall take all possible measures to ensure the accuracy in stating sources and making the list of references.

Chapter 3 Ethics Regulations on Misconduct

Article 11: Definition of Research Misconduct
11.1. The research misconduct is defined as the fabrication, falsification, plagiarism, and other unfair activities generated in the process of designing, carrying out, reporting, and evaluating and assessing the research.
11.2. "Fabrication" means reporting the research data or results, etc. that do not actually exist but have been fabricated.
11.3. "Falsification" means manipulating research data or equipment and process or exhibiting research record inaccurately by deliberately changing or deleting research results.
11.4. "Plagiarism" means using the entire of partial research ideas, processes, results, and etc. protected under copyright law of any other person without citing the appropriate sources and acknowledging the contribution of the founder of such findings.
11.5 " Repeated publication" means publishing an identical or almost similar research in other journals two (2) or more times without stating the initial research contents that have been already presented to publishers or readers.

Article 12: Types of Plagiarism
Types of plagiarism is classified as "idea plagiarism", "text plagiarism", copying a part from other persons' text without citing the source for the ideas of other authors, "mosaic plagiarism", combining a part of a text with a few words added, inserted, or replaced with synonyms, and others.

Article 13: Prohibition of Distortion in References
13.1. Cited references shall only includes directly related references to the contents of research paper. The author shall not deliberately include irrelevant references for the purpose of intentionally increasing citation index of articles or journals and the probability of publication of the manuscript.
13.2. The author shall not biasedly include only references favorable to data or theories of his/her articles. The author has ethical responsibility to cite references contradicting against his/her point of view.

Article 14: Practices to Avoid
The following practices should be avoided including a practice of "honoring" author by listing unqualified authors who have made no contributions in publishing research papers as one the authors, practice of dividing a research into many studies only to increase the number of published articles, and practice of hastily publishing articles without review process.

Chapter 4 Ethics Regulations for Dissertation Review

Article 15: Responsibilities and Obligations of Dissertation Examiner
15.1. The dissertation examiner shall report the review results to the Publishing Committee within the period stipulated in the review regulations by sincerely examining the submitted dissertations.
15.2. The examiner shall immediately turn in the research paper to the Publishing Committee once the submitted dissertation is determined to be inadequate for the examiner to review.
15.3. The examiner shall objectively evaluate the dissertation by applying strict scientific and research standards regarding the quality of dissertation, the experimentability of research, and conceptuality and interpretation, and must be able to adequately explain or support the assessment made upon his/her judgement.
15.4. The examiner shall respect the author's intellectual independence, prevent the author from wrongfully citing other scientists' research, and well coordinate contradictions that arise out of the relationship between interested parties.
15.5. The examiner shall abide by the confidentiality of research paper that is still in the process of reviewing and shall not publicize any information, assertion, interpretation or any other matters of the unpublished manuscript without the consent of the author.

Article 16: Unethical Acts of Examiner
For fair evaluation and confidentiality, examiners shall refrain from performing any of the following unethical acts.
16.1. an act of assigning research paper view that is requested to the examiner to post-graduate students or any third party
16.2. an act of discussing the contents of research paper while the viewing of the dissertation is still in progress.
16.3. an act of turning in the copy of research paper or retaining the paper without shredding it despite the review process is completed
16.4. an act of using abusive words categorized as a form of defamation of character and personal attack in the process of dissertation review
16.5. an act of evaluating the dissertation without reading the paper

Article 17: Responsibilities and Obligations of the Publishing Committee
17.1. The Publishing Committee shall be responsible for all the decisions made on accepting submitted paper for publication in the journal of the Society and must secure sincerity in the review process, and manage and supervise the members of the Publishing Committee.
17.2. The Publishing Committee shall respect the author as an independent scholar and fairly carry out the evaluation in accordance with submission regulations and the quality regardless of affiliated institute of the paper contributor. In cases where there is a request, the review process must be precisely publicized.
17.3. The Publishing Committee must be equipped with sufficient knowledge in the respective field of submitted paper and shall request the review to the committee members possessing objective and fair evaluating ability.
17.4. The Publishing Committee shall not disclose any confidential information such as the contents of the manuscript and personal information of the author to any third party including other reviewer until decision on acceptance for publication is made.

Chapter 5 Implementation of the Research Ethics Regulations and the Ethics Committee

Article 18 Duty of Obedience
The members of the Society shall take responsibilities on their research activities upon the signing up as the member, accept research misconduct seriously and they are obligated to comply with the research ethics regulations of the Society.

Article 19 Report and Investigation of Violations of the Ethics Regulations
In case where a member of the Society recognizes the ethics violation of another member, the member must remind the ethics regulations to the another member and shall immediately notify the Ethics Committee when the violations are not corrected.

Article 20 Purpose and Composition of the Ethics Committee
20.1. The Committee aims to verify the allegation and truth of research ethics violations in accordance with the ethics regulations stipulated in the Society.
20.2. The Committee shall consist of seven (7) commissioners. The president of the Society shall serve as the chairman of the Committee and the vice chairman shall serve as the head of the Publishing Committee. The other five (5) publishing commissioners shall be appointed by the president of the Society upon the recommendation of the head of the Publishing Committee.

Article 21: Rights of the Ethics Committee
21.1. The Ethics Committee is authorized to receive reports on alligation of the research misconduct and investigate for the verification of truth.
21.2. The Committee may impose sanctions as stipulated in the Society regulations, if violations are verified to be true upon the conduction of extensive investigation with informants, examinees, witnesses, other persons to attend, and submit materials relevant to the case.

Article 22: Judgment and Sanctions of the Ethics Committee
22.1. The verification process of violation shall be conducted in accordance with the phases of preliminary examination, main examination, and judgement and the process must be terminated within six (6) months. Provided, That the investigation period may be extended upon the approval of the chairman of the Committee in case the investigation is deemed difficult to be completed within the stipulated period
22.2. In case an informant or an examinee is dissatisfied with the judgement, those persons may raise an objection in writing
within thirty (30) days after they are informed of the notification. In such event, the Ethics Committee may reinvestigate,
if necessary, upon the reviewing objection.

Article 23: Protection of Informant and Examinee

23.1 The Committee is responsible for the protection of informant and investigated subject in the event that the informant
receives disadvantages or unjust pressure due reporting alleged misconduct and its investigation, the Committee shall take
all necessary measures to protect the informant.
23.2 The informant has right to request necessary information on investigation process or schedules after reporting alleged
misconduct and the Committee shall faithfully comply with it.
23.3 The identity of the examinee shall not be disclosed and attention shall be paid to the protection of the honor and rights
of the examinee until a judgement on alleged misconduct has been reached by the Committee.

Article 24: Procedures and Contents of Disciplinary Sanctions

24.1. In case where any disciplinary sanctions need to be taken, the chairman of the Committee shall convene the meeting
and conclusively determine if disciplinary sanctions will be imposed or not and the forms of sanctions.
24.2. Once the sanction is finalized, the member may be suspended or deprived from research paper submission and member's
qualification for the next five (5) years and such measures may be informed or publicized to the subject or his/her affiliated
institution and journals.

Article 25: Revision of the Ethics Regulations

25.1. In case where revision of the ethics regulations is required, the amendment shall be prepared by the Board of Directors,
deliberated to the Board of Executives, and decided by the resolution of the Advisory Council.
25.2. Members who pledged to comply


Article 1: Date of Enforcement
These regulations shall enter into force on June 23rd, 2008.